Colonial agrarian policies (1872–1947)
This chapter examines the colonial agrarian policies applied to the tribal areas of the Salem and Baramahal region of Madras Presidency. It seeks to demonstrate the operation of colonial policies on the surveying and settlement of tribals and attempts to analyse the impact of such policies on the tribal economy during British colonial rule. By providing insights into colonial land revenue policies, such research helps us understand their negative consequences on the local tribal economy between 1872 and 1947. It is argued, in particular, that colonial land revenue policies did not consider the living standards of the tribals and the poor infrastructural facilities in the hill regions while imposing land revenues and became exploitative.