chapter  8
32 Pages

Impact of external factors

Existing tribal studies exploring the colonial period of Madras Presidency have largely focused on the anthropological aspects, namely kinship, customs, marriages, languages and other features of tribal culture, and have been confined to the tiny tribal communities of the Nilgiris hills.2 Interestingly, linguistics has also remained a focal point of researches on different tribal languages in Madras Presidency.3 These studies have not paid any attention to the intervention of external forces and their consequences on the tribal economy, which had led to land alienation during the colonial period.4 As such, the non-anthropological aspects, if placed in a historical perspective, would offer a comprehensive understanding of the root causes of tribal land alienation.