Throughout this activity, the utility of this framework in listening task analysis is tested. The aim of this framework, as Bachman and Palmer (1996) have claimed, is to analyze target tasks and to construct test tasks with similar characteristics. Therefore, it is crucial to use the constructed framework for what it is intended and to improve it during the process. For example, for each task characteristic, the classifi cation of its subcategories must be based on and/or tested by a large number of individual listening tasks. Actually, the framework presented in Chapter 4 is a fi nal version, established through a number of revisions based on its application in the listening task analysis reported here.