chapter  1
Introduction
Pages 12

While addressing the relationship between applied linguistics and language test development, Alderson and Clapham (1992:149) point out that “since language tests inevitably embody a view of language and indirectly a notion of language learning, it is important that test developers take account of generally accepted views of the nature of language, language profi ciency, and language use when designing their tests.” In their opinion, test developers should be viewed as applied linguists and language testing the operationalization of applied linguistic theory. Language tests, consequently, are constantly subjected to revision in search of an appropriate construct, as the linguistic theory behind the original tests is eventually considered inadequate as the result of new advances in the discipline.