There are significant gaps in scholarship on the theme of environmental security in Latin America, and academic attention to the relationship between some traditional security issues and the broader implications of climate change in this region has tended to obey a thematic framework established outside the region. The absence of scholarship on environmental security in Latin America is puzzling when one considers factors that make this a fertile area for theoretical development. Interest in the theme of environmental security grew, although there has been disagreement about what this means and its pertinence. The potential for environmental changes that increase competition over resources resulting in inter-state conflict has been an important focus of research, and the 'environment-conflict' thesis continues to influence national security discourses. Contextual factors such as history, social relations, state policies, and the multifaceted impact of globalization are all important to human security.