Emotion and identity in Islamic environmentalism
This chapter analyses the emotions and collective identity formation in Islamic environmentalism. It begins with an analysis of reciprocal emotion in Islamic environmental activism, including the positive affective ties to leaders and to fellow activists, and the negative emotions of jealousy and resentment. The chapter then examines shared emotions, including the pride felt by Muslim environmentalists in their identities and the anger and outrage directed outwards to unjust situations. It argues that the most significant emotions in Islamic environmentalism are the positive affective ties between movement participants and between the activists and movement leaders. These ties are not only often the initial impetus to mobilisation, but are also responsible for the continued, sustained participation of activists in the environmental movement. The most significant finding in the analysis of emotion in Islamic environmental activism is the importance of affective ties – either horizontally to peers, or vertically to leaders – in motivating and sustaining participation in environmental activism.