The preservation of order
Egyptian images of violence in the landscape are surprisingly rare and exhibit both meaningful similarities to and notable differences from the Sasanian images at Naqsh-e Rustam. The particularly royal tradition of images on living rock is much more restricted in amount and location than prehistoric and Predynastic imagery in the landscape; pharaonic pictures on rocks are found in connection with quarry and mine sites. In most cases, human conflict is not a theme in pharaonic rock art, early or late. The exception comes from a series of smiting images in the Sinai dated to the Early Dynastic Period and Old Kingdom. The first smiting scene known from the landscape is a somewhat abstract one, dated to the First Dynasty King Djer. Three further images from the First Dynasty are known in the Sinai: two from the reign of king Den and one of uncertain attribution but possibly from the reign of king Semerkhet, penultimate king of the Dynasty.