Good Will, Kindness, Testimony, and Truth
Cosmopolitan social life is lubricated by smiles, handshakes, gifts, songs, food, and often by silence. Kindness and good will often require silence and the virtue of leaving others alone. The sort of good will that I have in mind here is not the good will of Kantian ethics, which requires moral direction under the categorical imperative. Kantian good will is important for morality. But the virtues of cosmopolitan social life are less stringent than the imperatives of Kantian morality. But these virtues are essential for living well in the context of diversity. Kindness and good will are primary virtues for a secular cosmopolitan age.