chapter  15
The Second Persian Gulf War: Operation Iraqi Freedom I, the Conventional War, 2003
ByAdrian R. Lewis
Pages 130

Rumsfeld's team took over crucial aspects of the day-to-day logistical planning. There is no shortage of arguments on the causes of the Bush Administration's war against Saddam Hussein. The problem is determining which argument or arguments provide the most accurate explanation. Some Middle East scholars and political scientists have predicted an eventual clash of civilizations, or a clash of cultures. In the aftermath of the unnecessary war in Iraq, during the Obama Administration, the Prime Minister of Israel, Benjamin Netanyahu, made another argument for war. This time Israel's leadership wanted war against Iran. On 19 March 2003, President Bush committed the United States to a second war in Iraq. The verdict on the conventional campaign is unanimous-it was a stunning victory: Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) was one of the most decisive US victories. Political and natural geography dictated the war plan. Basing rights, lines of communication, military overflight, temporary staging areas, and border crossings were greatly restricted.