Developmental coordination disorder
In the past, the expression 'clumsy child syndrome' was commonly used for what is now called developmental coordination disorder (DCD). However, the implications of DCD are more subtle than just the idea of clumsiness might suggest. Consequences of DCD are widespread and complex and include potential impact on socialisation, and physical health and fitness and mental well-being. The term 'dyspraxia' continues to be used in some countries, sometimes being seen as a subtype of DCD where the emphasis is on the planning and organisation of movement. Studies of interactions between DCD and its social and emotional consequences suggests possible relationships with anxiety, depression, self-perception and social skills. Researchers and others recognise the importance of early identification of DCD given the potential for secondary difficulties to develop. However, reservations have been voiced about the sensitivity of screening tests in identifying DCD and motor difficulties more generally.