Print capitalism 1
This chapter examines the growth of the modern print industry and its role in the formation of the native bourgeoisie up to the mid-1920s. It argues that the industrial production of print became dominant after the March First Movement. When the Joseon kingdom was founded in 1392, the adoption of Neo-Confucianism as its ruling ideology stimulated the growth of print and the development of print technology. Print was one of the industries where Joseon was, to a certain degree, able to mitigate colonialism's tendency to suppress industrial development. The colonizer's control over markets, combined with its superior access to capital and technology, posed tremendous obstacles to the growth of native businesses. The differences between the two articles captured how newspapers were becoming dominant in the print world in the early 1920s, developing into large-scale companies. Newspapers were also no longer solely organs of social organizations but became the centers of social and political movements.