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Y ermak gathered from the Don, the Volga and the Y eik, and Astrakhan' and Kazan', and robbed and destroyed the royal treasure boats, and envoys, and men from Bukhara, at the estuary of the Volga. On hearing about men sent by the tsar to punish them some left, and many others dispersed to various towns and villages. 1

I I. Yermak fled up the Volga and the Kama, and on reaching the stronghold of Orel took from the Stroganovs many supplies and arms, and took guides and fled along the Chyusovaya and the Serebrenka rivers to the portage. 1 They dragged the boats on to the Tagil, the portage taking two days to cover, and abandoned some of the boats on the spot.