Theoretical, empirical and professional perspectives converge on the essentiality of conserving an historic urban landscape’s sense of place, of integrating this landscape’s local inhabitants in the planning processes and of offering international tourists a distinctive place experience. This book has investigated these indisputable ideals through the place-making and place experience processes. It identified in Chapter 1 two normative planning implications that arise from tourism development in historic urban landscapes and which entail, firstly, offering the international tourists a distinctive place experience and, secondly, integrating their needs in the place-making processes. Such place-making typically deploys strategies that include the marketing of an historic image; the rehabilitation of urban landscapes and the conservation of architectural structures; and the development of tourism infrastructure. These two normative planning implications lead to four contradictory, mutually exclusive conditions. Throughout this book, the theoretical discussions and the case study cities have offered insights on these four conditions.