Changing the map – political activism, geography, and cartography
This chapter discusses the creation and implementation of the suffrage map and how it came to be an icon of the suffrage campaign. This use of a map goes beyond being "ocular proof" or being persuasive to being propaganda. The suffrage and anti-lynching maps however, also could be seen as early examples of critical cartography, of women taking and exerting power through mapping. Critical cartography can be defined as "the emancipatory and subversive effects of mapping practices that are emerging outside of the cartography traditionally controlled by the state and corporate interests. The chapter focuses on the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) which employed a state by state approach and created and wielded the suffrage map. In addition to employing the suffrage map as part of their rhetorical campaign, state suffrage organizations used maps in a variety of ways in their efforts to pass suffrage in their states.