chapter  8
Hygiene and Sanitation in Northern Africa
Pages 24

Most international geo-political classification schemes situate North Africa in the Middle-East or Arab World. The geo-administrative classification schemata developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) deviates from this convention. Within the framework of the WHO/UNICEF schema, Northern Africa, in its entirety, is located within the continent of Africa. The region comprises five sovereign countries, namely Egypt, Sudan, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Western Sahara. Sixty-two million people live in this region, which is the most urbanized in Africa (WHO/ UNICEF, 2008).