Public health elements of modern building codes and other town planning regulations constitute a colonial legacy in African countries. The decision to transplant these elements to Africa was not motivated by a genuine concern for the health and welfare of Africans. Rather, it was driven by the need to realize critical ideological, economic and political objectives of the colonial project on the continent. The need to foster the ideology of European racial superiority led to the formulation and implementation of health policies that targeted exclusively European enclaves. Indigenous authorities throughout the continent seemingly failed to recognize the originally intended purpose of the policies, and proceeded to adopt them verbatim.