Indigenous struggle against colonisers has always been present. These two quotes offer insights into the diverse ways that struggle continues to be waged, and across how many fronts (discursive, political, institutional) Indigenous people must work for justice. The first quote is an extract from the Tribal Park Declaration made by the hereditary chiefs of the Clayoquot people, and the Clayoquot Band Council, over Meares Island in Canada’s Pacific northwest region. They sought to re-assert their law, sovereignty and rights in the face of major development pressure (in the form of logging) on the Island. Their declaration brought the environmental planning processes and institutions in the region to a standstill, and was a formative moment in shaping alternative approaches to land use and management.