chapter  6
24 Pages

The Impact of the Global Indigenous Movement

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We can assess the impacts of the global indigenous movement against these W\SRORJLHVRIPRYHPHQWLQÀXHQFH,WLVFOHDUWKDWWKHPRYHPHQWKDVDFKLHYHGD UDQJHRISROLWLFDODQGOHJDOLPSDFWV,WKDVVXFFHHGHGLQVHFXULQJDFNQRZOHGJHPHQW DQGUHFRJQLWLRQWRWKHH[WHQWWKDWLQGLJHQRXVLVVXHVDUH¿UPO\RQWKH81DJHQGD evidenced in all manner of initiatives, not least the holding of two successive 81'HFDGHVGHGLFDWHGWRWKHZRUOG¶VLQGLJHQRXVSHRSOHVIURP±DQG ±UHVSHFWLYHO\DQGWKHHVWDEOLVKPHQWRIDQXPEHURIPHFKDQLVPVDLPHG at promoting and protecting the rights of indigenous peoples, including the position RI816SHFLDO5DSSRUWHXU,WKDVSUHVVHGIRUDQGDFKLHYHGSURFHGXUDOLQQRYDWLRQV gaining unprecedented levels of institutional access to and participation in norm FUHDWLRQDQGXQLTXHO\DSHUPDQHQWLQVWLWXWLRQDOVSDFHFRQVLVWHQWZLWKWKHDVSLUDWLRQ WRDFTXLUHODVWLQJYRLFHDQGYLVLELOLW\LQLQWHUQDWLRQDOVRFLHW\'LVFXUVLYHFKDQJHV WDNLQJFRQFUHWHIRUPLQWKH81'5,3DQGRWKHUQRUPDWLYHLQVWUXPHQWVFRQVWLWXWH perhaps the movement’s most remarkable achievement, which has been to reshape DQGUHZRUNKXPDQULJKWVWRDOORZIRUWKHHPHUJHQFHRIQHZVSHFL¿FDWLRQVRIULJKWV supportive of indigenous peoples’ distinctive communal and cultural patterns of association, and otherwise at odds with the individualistic tenets of the human ULJKWVGLVFRXUVH1HZPHDQLQJVDVVRFLDWHGZLWKVHOIGHWHUPLQDWLRQLQSDUWLFXODU EUHDN ZLWK ORQJVWDQGLQJ GRPLQDQW XQGHUVWDQGLQJV OLQNLQJ VHOIGHWHUPLQDWLRQ WR VWDWHKRRG DQG UHÀHFW D WUDQVIRUPHG GLVFRXUVH RI VHOIGHWHUPLQDWLRQ µPRUH WHPSHUHGLQLWVPHDQLQJEXWDOVRPRUHXQLYHUVDOLQLWVUHDFK¶/DP

$OOWKLVLVQRWWRVD\KRZHYHUWKDWWKHPRYHPHQWKDVVHFXUHGEHQH¿WVVXI¿FLHQW WRWKHQHHGVDQGFKDOOHQJHVIDFHGE\LQGLJHQRXVSHRSOHV,QWHUQDWLRQDOUHFRJQLWLRQ WR WKH H[WHQW DFKLHYHG E\ WKH JOREDO LQGLJHQRXV PRYHPHQW LV D UHPDUNDEOH accomplishment, but the movement has pursued that recognition not as an end in itself but as a means to empower indigenous communities against threats to their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ÀHFWHGDWWKHQDWLRQDORUFRPPXQLW\OHYHOZKDWWKLVPHDQVIRU an evaluation of movement impact, and considers prospects for securing further LPSURYHPHQWVZKHUHWKH\UHDOO\PDWWHUWKDWLVLQWKHOLYHVRILQGLJHQRXVSHRSOHV

Co-optation or Stages of Impact?