Psychology and the social organisation of power
In his book Even the Rat Was White: A Historical View of Psychology, Robert Guthrie noted the racial stereotypes, omission of black psychologists, and racism of early North American and European psychology that characterised psychology as a discipline for the first 60 years of the 20th century (Guthrie 1976). Roopnarine and Chadee (2016, pp.3–5) take a similar position in their description of the emergence of Caribbean psychology from such circumstances in the second half of the 20th century. Similarly, for Thompson (2016, p.15), modern scientific psychology “is predominantly a Euro American discipline that has been exported as the universal model for understanding and promoting human psychological functioning”. She goes on to illustrate how psychology is moving beyond its “narrow Euro American representation of humanity and developing as a culturally based discipline that is more representative of, and relevant to, the diversity in the 21st century global community” (Thompson 2016, p.16).