The Moral Evaluation of Groups
Having considered whether groups can possess moral status and rights, it is natural to ask if groups can also be the objects of moral evaluation and judgement. It is natural because moral status, possession of rights and aptness for moral judgement come together in our paradigm of a fully-fl edged moral agent – the sane adult human being. In being capable of sustaining judgements a moral agent is presupposed to be able to deliberate and act in certain ways, and is considered the legitimate target for certain forms of action. In particular, persons are judged in terms of responsibility, praised or blamed, rewarded or punished. Both our attitudes and actions towards groups ought then to be informed by whether they are appropriate objects of moral judgements.