chapter  5
7 Pages


ALL along the hinterland ofTroglodutikc during the Ptoletnaic period an organized business of elephant-hunting was carried on by the l'tolctnics; the PME refers to it in chapter J. This business was not pritnarily for ivory, but for the collection of live elephants for use in war, and its adtninistration was mainly in the hands of Greeks, sotne of whotn seen1 to have tnade a previous but less respectable appearance in history. According to Agatharkhidcs, who flourished about 130 B.C., this business was started or perhaps reorganized by Ptoletny II Philadelphos (282-47 B.c.). Part of the Monumentmn Adulitanum recorded by Kosn1as was an inscription of his successor Ptolemy III Euergetcs I (247-21 B.c.) describing his conquests in Asia and his use of elephants in war; this inscription was as follows:

kingdmn of Egypt, Libya, and Syria, and Phoenike, and Kupros, and Lukia, and Karia, and the Kuklades Islands, led an army into Asia with infantry, cavalry, and naval forces

IO and elephants from Troglodutikc and Aithiopia which his f.1ther and he first captured in these countries, and taking then1 to Egypt, trained them for military purposes. Having dominated on the Euphrates all the country, and Kilikia, and Patnphulia, and Ionia, and the


15 Hellespont and Thrace, and all the forces in these countries, and having captured 1nany Indian elephants; and all the kings in these places being subjected to him, he crossed the Euphrates river; and Mesopotamia and Babylonia and Susiana and Persis and Media and all the rest as £u as

20 Baktriana being brought under him, and searching for all the sacred things taken from Egypt under the Persians and carrying then1 back with the other treasure fron1 the places to Egypt, he sent away the forces through the canalized rivers.