Sociology of Knowledge Development
This chapter discusses the knowledge development in the relation between culture and market. Weber argues that the specific rationalism in the social culture is defined by a special practical-rational way of life, which again can be explained by a specific rational mentality that is found in mysticism and religion and a certain understanding of ethics as duty. The main argument by Florida relates to a series of dichotomies that are further discussed in other disciplines, such as individualist and collectivist cultures, gemeinschaft and gesellschaft, communitarianism versus liberalism, the city versus rural areas, service industry versus industrial society and family values versus women's rights or gay rights. Bell observes that culture becomes co-opted in the modern society and that modern culture itself, in particular modernism, is, paradoxically in its rejection of the cultural tradition, less likely to stand as a counterforce against capitalism.