Subjective Reflexivity and Knowledge
This chapter emphasises various dilemmas with modernist criticism and how it has been interpreted. It argues that modernist art criticism must be seen as part of knowledge development in society. Hughes and Thyssen attribute to Nietzsche and Schopenhauer an important role in this development, and the constructivist and epistemological turn in European thinking. Schumpeter himself saw the dualism in a larger social context and talked later about creative destruction, a concept that is futurist in style, meaning a form of development that is ground-breaking and unpredictable. Cubism in art and decomposition in philosophy have undoubtedly affected how one currently thinks about organisations. Also, development in areas such as fashion trends, marketing and knowledge economy can be attributed to modernist art and the understanding of the postmodern. Marxist analysis argues that the instrumental use of art, art as experience, art as entertainment or as community development can easily get to misappropriate the unresolved and important ideological, conceptual and value-based discussions.