chapter  7
16 Pages

Intelligence, Nature/nurture, and Criminal Behavior

Learning is the mechanism by which organisms adapt to their environment in ways that could not possibly be speci¿ed a priori by their genes. Human learning makes use of symbols-letters, words, pictures, formulas, and so on-that stand for various aspects of the environment and the relationships among them. Because of its increasing importance in modern societies, intelligence issues are becoming ever more socially relevant:

As valuable as intelligence doubtless is, we must not confuse it with moral worth. As Herrnstein and Murray (1994:21) point out: “one of the problems of writing about intelligence is how to remind readers often enough how little IQ scores tells you about whether the human being next to you is someone you will admire or cherish.”