Foundations and Context of the MoMA’s Creation
The MoMA’s radical assertiveness is, perhaps, its greatest contribution to the development of similar museums. Whereas preceding institutions in Ž ȱ˜›”ȱ”Ž™ȱŠȱ•˜ ȱ™›˜ę•ŽȱŠ—ȱ‘Ž’›ȱŽšž’ŸŠ•Ž—ȱ’—ȱ˜‘Ž›ȱŒ’’Žœȱ‘ŠȱŠȱ’–’ǰȱ Œ˜—›Š’Œ˜›¢ȱ˜›ȱž—™›Ž–Ž’ŠŽȱŠ™™›˜ŠŒ‘ȱ’—ȱŽę—’—ȱ‘Ž’›ȱœ™ŽŒ’Š•’¢ȱ’—ȱ‘Žȱ latest art, the MoMA, founded in 1929, became a provoking champion of modernity and boasted its role as such both through its name and activities and through the architecture of its new building, inaugurated in 1939. The MoMA became an international reference during those ten years due to the lack of leadership from its competitors rather than because of its own merits. For this reason, analysing the context in which this centre developed is as important as explaining the critical situation which European museums of art were in at that time.