Mustafa Kemal Atatürk: An Old Symbol in Transformation
The last three chapters of this book are devoted to detecting changes in the Turkish symbolic system. In contrast to the last chapters, I have chosen empirical case studies at the macro-sociological level, for at this level liturgical rituals (Rosati 2009) make more evident and at the same time effective ongoing changes. I shall focus on contested symbols, contested social spaces and contested memories. Conflict and contestation, in fact, are part and parcel of the struggle for hegemony that marks the shift from a Kemalist to a post-Kemalist Turkey, and the making of a postsecular society. The first symbol I want to take into consideration is Kemal Atatürk himself.