Causes and Consequences
The premise of this text has been that the proliferation of corruption transnationally its internationalisation poses distinct challenges for the international community. Recognition of corruption as a transnational problem is reflected in the increased attention being given to the issue by actors in the international community. In respect of environmental sustainability, there are increasing concerns that some of the issues raised by climate change may create new opportunities for corruption. One of the key themes that has emerged is that corruption should no longer be seen in narrow terms, as an economic crime with no direct victims, nor as an issue with only local relevance and impact. The human costs of corruption worldwide are identifiable and significant: in many parts of the world its prevalence has the potential to produce human rights violations, and deprive people of access to basic services. As the varied case studies demonstrate, corruption pervades many levels of international society.