chapter  4
30 Pages

New firms and high-technology industry in the United Kingdom: the case of computer electronics

Oneveryimportantcharacteristicofnewfirmsin technologically-dynamicindustriesistheir markedly-unevenspatialdistribution,whichappears todiffersignificantlyfromthatofolder, decliningmanufacturingsectors(Hall1981).Before reviewingthespecificcaseofthecomputer electronicsindustrydocumentedinlatersections ofthischapter,somecontextforthelater analysismaybeprovidedbyconsiderationofthe generallocationalpatternofallnewfirmsin productionindustriesintheUK,andpossible explanationsforthis.Particularattentionwill alsobepaidtothedevelopmentofmarkedlocal concentrationsoftechnologically-basednewfirms intheformofwhathavebeentermed'technologyorientedcomplexes'(SteedandDeGenova1983).