chapter  5
19 Pages

The location of new firm creation: the French case

ThelevelofmanufacturingemploymentinFrance decreasesgraduallyasoneprogressesfromthe NorthandNorth-Easternregionswhicharethemost industrializedtotheSouthandSouthWestern regions(Fig.1).Notwithstandingthe30yearlong industrialdecentralizationprogramandtheslump ofoldindustrialareas,employmentin manufacturingremainsrelativelyconcentratedin theNorthandNorthEast.Butthemapshowingthe numberoffirmsrelatedtotheregionalpopulation givesaninvertedpictureofreality(Fig.2);this showsthatthelargestnumbersofmanufacturing firmsper10,000inhabitantsaretobefoundinthe SouthWest.Theparadoxishoweveronlyanapparent one,itsexistencebeingduetothefactthatthe averagesizeoffirmsismuchgreaterinindustrial regionsthanelsewhere(Fig.3).