chapter  4
14 Pages

What Creates a Motivated Offender?

A wealth of literature attributes Somali piracy to decades of hardships.1 The purpose of this chapter is to examine piracy in the context of the motivated offender element of Cohen and Felson’s routine activity theory.2 This chapter asks: what motivates offenders of Somali piracy? To examine this question, the chapter unravels the potential macro factors that may motivate many into piracy, within the environment explained in Chapter 3. It implies that the conditions in Somalia contribute to the motivation of offenders. Knowledge gained from this chapter may inform measures to reduce offending behavior.