chapter  2
24 Pages

Jasmin Zine

This chapter describes the ways in which many European governments have introduced stringent new anti-terror laws, which have had the effect in many cases of increasing the number of Muslims arrested. A bill modelled on the recent French legislation has been tabled in the Belgian Senate, whilst various court cases have been brought in other European countries by Muslim women, who have been banned from wearing headscarves by employers or schools. The post-September 11 era, and the ensuing war on terror have also led many European countries to a reconsideration of the position and rights of Muslims within European society. The context in which Muslim women wear headscarves in contemporary Europe is one in which they are often victims of racism and discrimination present within society, where they have higher levels of unemployment, lower levels of educational attainment, and experience poor housing and poverty.