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Sir John Bowring, who visited Kedah in 1855, found the country very similar to what it was in T. B.'s time. Compare the following in his Siam, vol. ii. p. 49, "A high range of mountains divides it [Kedah] from Songkhla and Patani. I t is covered with vast forests, which have never been penetrated by man, and which are crowded with wild animals, and particularly tigers. The population, which does not exceed from 60,000 to 70,000 souls, is principally composed of Malays ... Quedah has many rivers, of which several are navigable."