This book has sought to understand how households respond to poverty and explain why some households are more successful than others in reducing their deprivation. These questions were explored based on the data drawn from a longitudinal study of low-income households living in a gecekondu settlement of Ankara in April and October 2002. The book consisted of two major parts. The first provided a critical overview of the relevant literature and outlined the approach taken here to understand poverty and behavioural responses households devise to counter it. The second part depicted the research base for the book and presented results from the analysis of the entire sample and three individual cases.