chapter  4
18 Pages

A Tale of Two Riot Control Agents: UK Attitudes to CS and the 1925 Geneva Protocol and CR in Warfare and Law Enforcement 1969–1975

In December 1969 the then Labour government grappled with the problem of the use of riot control agents in war and how they were to be handled under the 1925 Geneva Protocol, which prohibited the use of chemicals and bacteriological weapons in war.1 e immediate issue at hand was how the riot control agent CS should be treated: was it covered by the Protocol’s ban on ‘asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases?’ is issue was given added piquancy by extensive US use of CS in the Vietnam War. Harold Wilson’s government was coming under pressure to state its views clearly on this matter.