The Changes of a New Reign, 1727–1731
Horatio Walpole's fall created a new politics for foreign policy, but the possibility of fresh departures was affected by the constraints of international developments as well as by the extent to which New Whigs, led by Carteret and Pulteney, had to share power in a reconstructed ministry that not only included much of its predecessor, notably Newcastle, but was also, as any ministry would be, answerable to George Dodington. In terms of relations with Austria and France, there were significant contrasts in foreign policy. The reference in Carteret's letter to this whole nation was instructive as it was believed necessary to ground policy in popular support. However, aside from the tone of Carteret's letter, the contrast between Carteret's hopes and Walpole's policy was less striking if the focus for the latter, was on 1741, rather than mid-1730's. Dettingen was initially greeted in Britain with both relief and joy, while victory over French led Carteret to plan an invasion of France.