Dilemmas of Governability Under Democratic and Bureaucratic Constraints
In light of the above, it seems worthwhile to enlarge on the discussion about two major topics related to public administration and modern societies, namely governability through improved performance and democracy through liberal values. This chapter thus attempts to explore the conceptual territory between them. Naturally, this is a challenging task, as it tries to assimilate ideas and conceptual thinking from several disciplines such as management, public administration, politics, and sociology. In many ways such a discussion calls for a better balance between managerial/administrative theories and social/humanistic ideology, and the creation of a much more realistic understanding of public administration. Thus, despite the various points of view of and dissimilarities between each of the above disciplines, the goal of all of them is the same: to find a golden path between the needs and constraints of modern nations as market societies, and the desires and demands of the citizens of liberal states. This golden path is should lead us towards effective governability that preserves democratic values. While bureaucracy and democracy are frequently perceived as two separate concepts, they also have complementary meanings that are central and essential for the prosperous growth of our societies, states and nations.