Limiting the Minimum Age: Convention 138 and the Origin of the ILO’s Action in the Field of Child Labour
The United Nations (UN) has certainly made a decisive contribution to the implementation of International Labour Organization (ILO) standards on child labour. One of the most important instruments in this field of international law is certainly the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), which was the first UN treaty to address child labour in a comprehensive manner, laying down not only general principles, but also dealing with critical issues that are also worst forms of child labour (WFCL). WECL comprise, according to article 3 of Convention 182 (C182): all forms of slavery or practices similar to slavery, including the sale and trafficking of children, and forced or compulsory labour, including forced or compulsory recruitment for use in armed conflict. Slavery and forced labour of children are addressed under the relevant general provisions of the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and the CRC on child labour.