chapter  13
32 Pages

ILO Child Labour Standards in International Trade Regulation: The Role of the WTO

Since its beginnings, the ILO has promoted the adoption of national legislations

designed to protect children against economic exploitation. The approval and entry

into force of the 1999 Convention on the Worst Forms of Child Labour (No. 182),

now counting 165 contracting parties, is one of the latest main achievements: ILO

members have undertaken the obligation to take immediate and effective measures

(including the provision and application of penal sanctions or, as appropriate, other

sanctions) to secure the prohibition and elimination of worst forms of child labour.

Practices coming under this definition comprise slavery or similar practices, use