chapter  5
22 Pages

Political Identities and Collective Action

In the aftermath of the overthrow of the Marcos regime, many community organizers

and NGO personnel anticipated a period of increased political activism in informal

settlements. Reforms for democratization and decentralization seemed to portend

the growth of local housing movements and the formation of new electoral coalitions

at both the local and national level in which low-income groups would have a greater

voice (Clarke 1993; Karaos 1995; PHILSSA and UPA No date). Since that time

there have indeed been some notable successes in political organizing, including the

movement that resulted in the passage of the Urban Development and Housing Act

of 1995 and several local movements for the formation of urban poor affairs offices.

In many cases, however, CBOs have made little effort to exert influence on local