chapter  6
22 Pages

A Quantitive Assessment of Community Organizing in Metro Manila

The current orthodoxy in housing policy in developing countries, based on the

enablement model, makes a number of assumptions about the role of community

participation in housing delivery: that the potential for community organizing exists

in all or most communities; that CBOs are stable, and have the technical capacity to

deal with housing and infrastructure development; that such organizations represent

the interests of community residents; and that they operate in a political atmosphere

marked more by cooperation that conflict. In discussing the case studies in the

preceding chapters I have called these assumptions into question. First, I have

argued that CBOs must exert political influence if they are to deal with the issue of

land tenure, and that their ability to do so is strongly conditioned by the local political

environment. Second, I have argued that certain conditions must exist if CBOs

are to play a strong role in community development. These conditions include the

existence of social ties in communities and recognition among residents of a shared

set of interests. The consistent intervention of NGOs or an unusually strong and

popular leadership are also likely to strengthen CBOs and make them more stable.