The Criminal Justice System
This chapter explores the ways in which the analysis of statistical data both reflects and reinforces the disparate impact of contact with the CJS for segments of the population. Predictive technology has played a central role in determining how governments have planned to respond to changing trends in the nature of criminal activity. Although crime prevention was a part of the responsibility of the law enforcement community, it becomes primary focus of FBI activity following the terrorist. Data mining, a technique for deriving usable intelligence from the analysis of massive amounts of computer-accessible information, became increasingly attractive to the government as a resource in the war on terrorism. An analysis of the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) also reveals that racial differences increase as the seriousness of the crimes increase. Involvement by black adolescents in violent criminal activity differed from the activity levels of white youth even after the traditionally most influential social and demographic variables had been controlled for statistically.