Why did Dalit Theology emerge? What are its objectives? How does Dalit theology attempt to achieve these objectives? These three questions which interrogate the origins, objectives and approaches of Christian Dalit theology constitute the grid within which the structure of the present chapter is worked out. This chapter not only seeks to furnish a general overview of Dalit theology by way of ‘answering these questions’ but also sets the scene for the next chapter which specifically attempts to interrogate the nature of the relationship between theology and social practice as envisaged and imagined in Christian Dalit theology by ‘questioning the answers’, with the anticipation that such an inquiry can adequately foreground any subsequent discussion on the practical efficacy of Dalit theology.