This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book discusses the status of women in Muslim societies are becoming increasingly transnational in character. Transnational networking among Muslim women is a new phenomenon in international affairs. The book provides first-hand testimony about why women are engaging in transnational dialogue, and have offered an interpretation of the significance of traditional dialogue for the identity and agency of Muslim women. The oldest formal network, women living under Muslim laws (WLUML), was officially founded in 1987, and most other networks formal as well as informal are more recent in origin. As increasing numbers of intellectuals and activists are being drawn into a common set of conversations, the ideational dynamism and activist potential of their interactions increases. The women engaged in transnational dialogue and advocacy is a diverse group about which few generalizations can be made.