The Progress of the Social Dimension in Europe: Spillovers or Organised Interests?
Assessing the progress of the European Social dimension is like looking at a bottle filled only by half: for some people the bottle is half empty, for others it is half full.
Indeed scholarly analyses of the development of European social policy tend to be polarised between those who underline its success and those who cannot help noticing its limits. The former view is mainly taken by late, revised or concealed neo-functionalists (Castles et al. 2010; Leibfried et al. 1992; Leibfried et al. 1995; Leibfried 2010) while the latter is often to be ascribed to intergovernmentalists (Hantrais 2007; Lange 1992).