chapter  9
4 Pages

Conclusion: France and the New Imperialism

In this book, two intertwined arguments were presented. First, I argued that a long-term examination of French security policy in sub-Saharan Africa underlined

fundamental continuities between the colonial past and the “colonial present” (D. Gregory 2004). France has reached backward to colonial modes of governance so as to restructure and reproduce hegemonic Franco-African dynamics. The whole

question of French influence and presence is still conceived of as choices between binary typologies of developed/backward, order/chaos. As Said argues:

Indeed, I argued that French security policy has often produced insecurity, instability,

destruction, and misery. But this was no causal argument as if to say that without

France there would have been security. Beyond the dire human consequences, it has generated insecurity in the sense that the practices of French security policy are

constitutive of the environment, conditions, and events defined as order/disorder, developed/backward, stable/unstable, security/insecurity, and so on. In other words, French practices of security cannot be dissociated from the African “environment” in which it functions, for they participate in the production, reproduction, and

restructuring of the social conditions that lead to “crisis management” and “military intervention.”