French Security Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa
This chapter examines the historical construction of a socioeconomic dependency system and how it led to various crises in the 1990s. The objective is to underline French long-standing practices and their effects on Cote d'Ivoire. For Houphouet-Boigny and other governing elites, the colonial and dependent nature of Franco-African relations were essential to their status and power; "they need France and have a great deal invested, politically, economically and often also emotionally, in this relationship". The rise of the ideology of neoliberalism, the subsequent transformations in the international political economy, and the increasing influence of international financial institutions had two major effects on Cote d'Ivoire. The global governance project of democratization and economic liberalism in Cote d'Ivoire never seemed to have considered, or deemed important, the historical legacy of the dependency model upon which Ivorian society had evolved since the 1950s.