chapter  2
18 Pages

The Symbolic State, Security, and Symbolic France

This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book argues that a long-term examination of French security policy in sub-Saharan Africa underlined fundamental continuities between the colonial past and the "colonial present". It argues that French security policy has often produced insecurity, instability, destruction, and misery. But this was no causal argument as if to say that without France there would have been security. The symbolic state construes an imaginary of global politics as the interactions of unitary states. By doing so, it sanctions multilateralism and Africanization as passive, democratic, and thus legitimate processes and mechanisms to the global management of development and security. The book analyses of French interventions in Rwanda and Cote d'Ivoire underlined both the specificities of each case and their overarching Orientalism and sought to strengthen and to participate in the development of an IR critical theory research project.