This chapter reflects on a series of issue clusters. They are focusing on the Long Term: From Reinsertion to Reintegration, Reintegration and Vulnerability in War to Peace Transitions, Targeting the Community: Reintegration and Social Capital, Reintegration and Political Participation. The chapter discusses the understanding of demilitarization in war to peace transitions, by providing a comprehensive discussion of DDR, and in particular, the reintegration process. Angola's post-war emergency constituted the context within which the DDR program was implemented. The vast majority of Angolans survive through occasional labor in the informal economy, which guarantees the livelihood of a considerable and increasingly growing number of families in the urban and peri-urban areas. Angolan NGOs and CBOs had been playing an increasingly important part in the monitoring of human rights, in community level conflict resolution initiatives and in the monitoring of government policies.