chapter  3
38 Pages

Women’s Place in Guilds

This chapter explains that widows, because their experiences had placed them close to death at certain moments, were consciously aware of the finite nature of life than other men and women. Certain widows were forced to declare business failures and give up their livelihoods and their incomes. The chapter presents many widows in danger of falling into poverty found ways to survive precisely because they could depend upon kin, church, and guild for assistance. But when guilds tried to enforce their regulations in the faubourg Saint-Antoine, they were interfering with the experiment in using work to alleviate poverty that this domain was meant to address. The chapter talks about helping the parish poor took place in 1718, when the marguilliers set aside the third Sunday of every month for allocating resources to relieve poverty.