chapter  6
The Convention on Biological Diversity
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The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was the first international treaty to

address the conservation, sustainable use and equitable sharing of benefits derived

from the utilization of biological diversity in general. It was opened for signature at

the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio in 1992,

and entered into force on 29 December 1993. In its general approach to biological

diversity, its provisions are aimed at all types of biodiversity. In this chapter we

will examine the CBD as it relates to PGRFA management, especially as regards

developing countries.